|Heat Stroke – DO’s & DONT’s & Precautions|
Sun Stroke - Precautions
With the temperatures soaring day by day people need to be very alert and take all precautionary majors if they happen to go out in scorching heat.In India the mercury will start to rise from march and reaches its peak till may month. Marketing / Sales executives need to face tough time to promote their products in scorching heat. People from other fields also must ensure that they are not exposed much to heat to avoid sunstroke.
What is Heat Stroke?
Heat Stroke is defined as the failure of the body to maintain a normal temperature after prolonged exposure to intense heat or excessive exertion. If you have conditions that predispose you to heat stroke such as an unconditioned athlete doing exhausting exercise, advanced age, diabetes,or other chronic medical conditions, you are at higher risk of repeated heat stroke if you are exposed to extreme heat. If you cover the victim with ice, he/she may shiver and end up producing more body heat causing the heat stroke to worsen.
Ø Exposure to intense heat
Ø Strenuous Physical Activity
Ø Predisposing factors which hinder the body’s ability to release heat young children elderly people (over 65years) chronic illness, some medications
Ø Avoid prolonged exposure to intense heat
Ø Drink plenty of clean, cool water
Ø Apply a Cool wet Towel to your skin frequently
Ø Avoid exhausting activity if your body is not well conditioned.
Ø Visit the doctor regularly to monitor and control any chronic diseases
Call emergency Ambulance service if?
There is hot flushed skin with
Ø Decreased amount or lack of sweat
Ø Elevated body temperature
Ø Deep, rapid breathing
Ø Nausea and vomiting
Ø Decreased urine output
Ø Intense thirst
Ø Blurred Vision
Things to do before ambulance arrives
The objective is to reduce the body temperature by doing the following
Ø Remove the victims clothing and expose the skin to air
Ø Shift the victim to a cool shelter
Ø Spray the body with cold water
Ø Fan the body
Ø Apply the ice bags to the arm pits
Things you should avoid
Ø Do not cool the victim’s body too rapidly
Ø Donot give the victim water if he / she is un responsive
Ø Do not submerge the victim in ice water
Ø Do not give any medication
Ø Donot allow the victim to be re-exposed to the heat during recovery time
Ø Do not massage the muscles